What is Creative Coding?

By Cam Velasco

CEO & Co-Founder
Published: Apr 10, 2024
Explore the art of programming through creative coding, where technology meets imagination to craft unique digital experiences.
A coder in a hoodie works on a creative coding project with multiple screens displaying programming interfaces.

Creative coding is an exciting blend of art and technology where you use programming to create stunning visuals, animations, sounds, and interactive experiences. Unlike traditional coding which focuses on developing functional software, creative coding is all about artistic expression and experimentation. 

From Mainframes to Personal Computers: The Changing Landscape of Coding

In the 1970s and 1980s, smaller personal computers became more common, making it easier for artists and designers to try out creative coding. Early programming languages like BASIC and Pascal were some of the first tools they used. The Amiga computer became popular among creative coders, especially in the demoscene, a community that made art through code.

As computers got more powerful in the 1990s, creative coding grew too. The Processing programming language, which started in 2001, made it simpler for artists and people who don’t usually code to start making interactive graphics. Nowadays, you can even do creative coding in web browsers with JavaScript libraries like p5.js. Modern computers and coding tools have made this movement something a lot more people can explore, including artists, musicians, and designers.

Defining Creative Coding

It means using computer skills to make art or cool digital stuff, not just practical things like apps or websites. It’s all about using the same tools and techniques that go into making software, but instead, making something that looks neat or tells a story.

At its heart, creative coding is about finding out what you can do with code and technology to make something that catches the eye or makes people think. It’s a bit like experimenting in a lab. You try things out, see what happens, then tweak and try again. It’s more about having fun and seeing what you can create than about getting a specific job done.

Creative Coding vs. Generative Design

A programmer intensely coding on a laptop with a large desktop monitor displaying code.

Creative coding and generative design are a bit like cousins. They share some family traits but have their unique personalities and goals.


Creative coding is all about making art with code. Think of it as using computer programming to doodle, paint, or compose music. It’s more about having fun and seeing what cool things you can do next.

Generative design is used to solve design problems. It’s like telling a computer, “Here are my goals, now make me lots of designs that meet these goals.” It’s very goal-driven and looks for the best possible design options.

In simple terms, creative coding is like using code to make art for the fun of it, while generative design uses code to solve design problems in the smartest way possible. Both show how creative you can get when you mix coding with design or art.

Core Languages and Tools

Creative coding is all about making cool digital art, animations, and games using computer programming. Let’s talk about some of the most popular tools that people use for this.

Processing – A Tool for Visual Arts

Processing is a special computer language made just for artists and designers. It’s really easy to start with if you’re new to coding because it’s made to help you draw and create visuals on your computer.

It’s designed to be easy for beginners and there’s a big community of people using it, so you can find lots of help and ideas. Processing is a favorite for people learning to code and wanting to make art at the same time.

p5.js – A Tool for Making Web Art

p5.js is like Processing but for websites. It lets you make interactive art that anyone can see and play with on the internet.

With p5.js, starting with creative coding is simple, and you don’t need to install special software. Plus, it’s getting even better with new features for fancy graphics.

Getting Started 

A student with textbooks on computer programming studying on a laptop.

Starting with creative coding might seem a bit overwhelming, but it’s quite exciting once you dive in. Think of it as learning a new way to express your creativity, using the computer as your canvas and code as your paintbrush. Here’s how you can begin your journey into the world of creative coding, step by step.

Pick a Programming Language

The first step is to choose a programming language. While there are many options, some popular choices for beginners include JavaScript, Python, and Processing. These languages are great because they’re relatively easy to learn and have strong communities behind them, meaning you can find lots of help and resources.

Learn the Basics

Before you start creating visual masterpieces, it’s important to get comfortable with the basics of computer programming. This includes understanding variables, loops, functions, and objects. Don’t worry if these terms sound strange now; as you practice, they’ll become second nature.

Experiment and Play

Creative coding is all about experimentation. Try drawing shapes, playing with color, and making things move with code. Don’t be afraid to make mistakes—every error is a chance to learn something new.

Use Libraries and Frameworks

To make things easier, you can use libraries and frameworks like p5.js or openFrameworks. These tools provide pre-written code that you can use to do complex things without starting from scratch. They’re like shortcuts that help you create more with less effort.

Join the Community

There’s a huge community of creative coders out there. Look for online forums, social media groups, or local meetups where you can share your work, get feedback, and find inspiration. Websites like CreativeCode.io and Dev Art – Art made with Code are great places to start.

Keep Practicing

Like any skill, getting better at creative coding takes practice. Set yourself small projects or challenges, like creating an animation or interactive artwork. Over time, you’ll find your style and start creating more complex and beautiful pieces.

Remember, the goal of creative coding isn’t just to learn to code; it’s to use coding as a tool for creative expression. So, have fun, be curious, and see where your creativity takes you.

Creative Coding in Practice

A developer working with dual screens in a well-lit home office.

Creative coding isn’t just for artists; it’s used in lots of different fields to make interactive and eye-catching projects. Here’s a look at some ways people are using creative coding today:

Interactive Media and Installations

Places like museums and outdoor spaces often have exhibits where you can touch, listen, and watch things react. This is done with creative coding, making art that responds to how you move or what you do.

Data Visualization and UI/UX Design

Creative coders make complex information easy to understand and fun to look at. They turn numbers and data into pictures and animations. When designing apps or websites, using code helps test out new ideas quickly. It’s a way to see if something works well for users.

Marketing and Advertising Campaigns

Creative coding makes those fun camera effects on social media that everyone loves. They’re a big hit and get people talking. For special events, creative coding can create unique experiences that make people remember a brand.

Emerging Tech – AR, VR, AI

Creative coding is also important in new technology like augmented reality (where digital things appear in the real world), virtual reality (entirely digital worlds), and artificial intelligence (where computers learn and make decisions).

Creative coding is making its way into many areas, making things more interactive and fun. As technology gets better, there’s going to be even more cool stuff to see and do.

The Future of Creative Coding

Two developers collaborating on a project with laptops and a desktop computer.

Creative coding is about to become even more important in different areas as technology keeps getting better. Here’s where creative coding might go next:

Video Games and Entertainment

Imagine game developers using rules to let computers create endless worlds, characters, and stories. This could make games way more interesting and varied. As games look more real, creative coding will help make top-notch game parts faster and easier.

Product and Industrial Design

Imagine software that can come up with thousands of product designs just by knowing what you want the product to do. Designers can then pick the best ideas and make them real. Creative coding could change how we think and make everything from gadgets to big machines.

Advertising and Marketing

Things like interactive ads, personalized online filters, and digital brand worlds show how creative coding can make ads more interesting. As we get better at understanding data, ads can be more specific to different people. Future ads might even change based on how we feel when we see them.


Creative coding is becoming more popular and important in different areas of life and work. As technology keeps getting better, creative coding lets people use coding to express themselves in artistic ways.

More people can now get into creative coding because there are supportive online communities and free tools like Processing and p5.js that make it easy for beginners to start making things.

Creative coding is used in many fields like music, design, architecture, and marketing. For example, interactive art is changing museums and creative ways of showing data help us understand complicated information.

Using code, artists can make unique art, video games, and designs without doing everything by hand. Also, by using code to control lights and images, buildings can turn into huge displays for art. Now is a great time for anyone interested in art and coding to start exploring creative coding. There’s a friendly community ready to welcome both new learners and experienced coders.

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Cam Velasco

CEO & Co-Founder

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